NSAIDs

Primum non nocere. Do no harm.

We so often recommend and give NSAIDs to patients for various painful conditions. We also commonly administer ketorolac (toradol) in the ED, because it works so amazingly well for renal colic. When giving various NSAIDs, what is the relative risk (RR) for an upper GI bleed or perforation in the first year?

Ketorolac has the highest upper GI complication RR (14.54) for all of the studied NSAIDs. Compare this with the overall risk of traditional COX-1 NSAIDS (RR=4.5) and COX-2 inhibitors (RR=1.88). So before giving ketorolac, first check that patients don’t have a history of a GI bleed or peptic ulcer.

PV Card: NSAIDs and Upper GI Bleed


Adapted from 1
Go to the ALiEM Cards site for more resources.

1.
Massó G, Patrignani P, Tacconelli S, García R. Variability among nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs in risk of upper gastrointestinal bleeding. Arthritis Rheum. 2010;62(6):1592-1601. [PubMed]
Michelle Lin, MD
ALiEM Editor-in-Chief
Professor and Digital Innovation Lab Director
Department of Emergency Medicine
University of California, San Francisco
Michelle Lin, MD

@M_Lin

Professor of Emerg Med at UCSF-Zuckerberg San Francisco General. Founder of ALiEM @aliemteam #PostitPearls https://t.co/7v7cgJqNEn
Michelle Lin, MD