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19 01, 2019

IDEA Series-JETem Innovation: A Low Cost Escharotomy Simulation Model for Residency Education

2019-01-15T18:38:16+00:00

The Problem

idea series teaching residents quality improvementEmergency Medicine (EM) residents are expected to be familiar with and competent in performing a wide number of procedures, including rare ones such as performing an escharotomy in a patient with severe burns. Unfortunately, there is a paucity of readily available simulation models to facilitate practice of this rare yet potentially life-saving skill.

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14 01, 2019

SplintER Series: Hip Dislocation | Leg Day #2

2019-01-14T16:05:10+00:00

Hip dislocation xray - SplintER seriesWelcome to Leg Day #2 of the SplintER Series. Following up with the Leg Day #1’s primer on tibial plateau fractures, another key orthopedic injury of the leg is hip dislocation. A hip dislocation occurs when there is separation of the head of the femur from the acetabulum of the pelvis in either an anterior or posterior direction.1

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10 01, 2019

Algorithm for ED Evaluation and Management of Pediatric UTI

2019-01-09T16:30:22+00:00

Pediatric UTI - urine sample

When should urinary tract infections (UTI) be included in the differential diagnosis for febrile infants and young children? The EM Committee on Quality Transformation in the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) thoughtfully outlines a clinical algorithm to help guide clinicians towards a standardized, evidence-based approach. Thanks to the expert content team (Drs. Shabnam Jain, Anne Stack, Scott Barron, Pradip Chaudhari, and Kathy Shaw) for sharing this clinical algorithm.

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9 01, 2019

Top 10 ALiEM Clinical Posts in 2018

2019-01-07T09:19:46+00:00

Happy 2019 from the ALiEM team. We have published so many posts this year that you may have missed a few. Did you at least catch the top 10 ALiEM clinical posts in 2018? These are the most-viewed posts in the past calendar year. From can’t-miss ECGs, to common splint techniques, and new strategies for managing alcohol withdrawal – check these out as you keep celebrating the New Year!

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17 12, 2018

2018 ACEP Clinical Policy for Patients with Suspected Non-ST Elevation ACS

2018-12-17T13:39:50+00:00

ACEP Clinical Policy 2018: Non ST Elevation ACSA patient presents to your ED with an all too common complaint – chest pain. After a focused history and physical exam, you have an extremely low clinical suspicion for thoracic aortic dissection, pulmonary embolism, pneumonia, pneumothorax, pericarditis/myocarditis, and Boerhaave’s syndrome. When the labs (including a troponin), an ECG, and chest x-ray yield normal results, questions often arise. Can you discharge her with a single troponin if she is low risk? How do you define low risk? And lastly, does she need urgent provocative testing after discharge?

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15 12, 2018

IDEA Series Highlights JETem Innovations: A Low Cost Trainer for Neonatal Umbilical Catheterization

2018-12-14T19:46:41+00:00

The Problem

Idea Series LogoAlthough umbilical catheterization can be a lifesaving technique in the emergent management of a critically ill neonate, it is performed infrequently in the ED.1 Simulation has emerged as a key teaching modality for residents to gain both proficiency and competency with this important procedure.2,3 Commercially available umbilical catheterization models are available, but costly, and often require an expensive investment (over $1,000 for a single trainer).4 This expense may discourage residency programs from acquiring the trainer and offering it to learners. In an effort to minimize this barrier to learning, a team from Kings County Hospital “home built” their own umbilical catheterization model. Their work was recently published in the Journal of Education and Teaching Emergency Medicine (JETem), and the ALiEM IDEA Series is proud to have recently teamed up with this journal to periodically share their innovations with our readership!

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12 12, 2018

Accidental Hypothermia and Cardiac Arrest: Physiology, Protocol Deviations, and ECMO

2018-12-12T04:52:45+00:00

accidental hypothermia and cardiac arrestAccidental hypothermia is a life threatening condition that can lead to a challenging resuscitation. The very young, old, and intoxicated patient are at high risk to developing hypothermia, even in temperate climates. The pathophysiologic changes from hypothermia make the standard ACLS approach insufficient to care for the hypothermic patient. This article will discuss the physiology of hypothermia and how you should alter your approach in the hypothermic patient, including early consideration of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO).

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