SAEM Clinical Image Series: Double Vision

cranial nerve palsy CN3

Chief complaint: Double vision

History of Present Illness: 61 year old female with history of HTN, DM, hyperlipidemia, and chronic low back pain presenting with double vision. She received an epidural spinal injection yesterday for the 4th time for low back pain. She was sedated for the procedure and woke up with headache, neck stiffness, and left eye “jumping around,” which progressed to double vision 1 hour later.

There was no blurry or double vision with either eye closed. She had 1 episode of emesis. She presented to the ED 24 hours later with continued headache and double vision.

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2019-10-30T21:13:07-08:00

SAEM Clinical Image Series: Young Woman with a Headache

Headache

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Chief complaint: Headaches for 1 year

History of Present Illness: A 31-year-old woman with no significant past history presents with a dull headache.

She notes the headache is generalized, has been almost daily for a year and is worsened by bending over. She denies nausea, vomiting, photophobia, trauma, seizures, focal weakness, numbness, or vision change. Acetaminophen and ibuprofen provide only mild, short-acting relief. She takes oral birth control and her periods have been normal.

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2019-09-03T11:17:34-08:00

ALiEM AIR | Neurology 2019 Module

Welcome to the Neurology Module! After carefully reviewing all relevant posts from the top 50 sites of the Social Media Index, the ALiEM AIR Team is proud to present the highest quality online content related to neurological emergencies. 6 blog posts within the past 12 months (as of January 2019) met our standard of online excellence and were curated and approved for residency training by the AIR Series Board. We identified 1 AIR and 5 Honorable Mentions. We recommend programs give 3 hours (about 30 minutes per article) of III credit for this module. (more…)

ALiEM AIR | Stroke Module

Welcome to the Stroke Module! After carefully reviewing all relevant posts from the top 50 sites of the Social Media Index, the AIR Team is proud to present the highest quality online content related to Stroke emergencies. 7 blog posts within the past 12 months (as of October 2018) met our standard of online excellence and were curated and approved for residency training by the AIR Series Board. We identified 0 AIR and 7 Honorable Mentions. We recommend programs give 3.5 hours (about 30 minutes per article) of III credit for this module.

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ALiEMU Capsules 12: Pharmacology of Intracranial Pressure Management

The newest installment in the popular ALiEMU Capsules series is live. This module focuses on the critical care topic of intracranial pressure management. Specific topics include hyperosmolar therapy with mannitol versus hypertonic saline and blood pressure management. Go to the ALiEMU Capsule and take the quiz for your Capsules certificate.

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2019-03-27T08:21:40-08:00

Reversing Anticoagulation to Administer Systemic Fibrinolytics for Ischemic Stroke: Pump the Brakes

Care of acute ischemic stroke patients is a complex and time-sensitive team effort. There is a potentially dangerous trend in the medical literature over the past few years that seems to be increasing as of late: reversing anticoagulation in order to administer systemic thrombolytic therapy. The purpose of this post is to highlight the available literature on this topic, specifically related to the direct acting oral anticoagulants (DOACs), and discuss why we should not support this practice (at least as of today).

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PEM Practice Changing Paper: Clinical Trial of Fluid Infusion Rates for Pediatric DKA

Most protocols for managing pediatric patients with diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) are based on a theoretical association between fluid resuscitation and subsequent neurological decline. Although the evidence for an association between IV fluids and cerebral edema comes from retrospective reviews, for over 20 years, it is an accepted teaching principle of pediatric DKA.

Clinical Trial of Fluid Infusion Rates for Pediatric Diabetic Ketoacidosis, published just days ago in the New England Journal of Medicine, challenges this teaching with the first randomized controlled trial designed to investigate the relationship between IV fluids and cerebral edema. We review this publication and present a behind-the-scenes podcast interview with lead authors Dr. Nathan Kuppermann and Dr. Nicole Glaser from the Pediatric Emergency Care Applied Research Network (PECARN). (more…)