A 55 year old woman presents as the driver of a motor vehicle collision. She has moderate abdominal tenderness diffusely and a seat belt sign, but has a negative abdominal/pelvis CT. Her INR, however, was noted to be 2.1. She is not on any vitamin K antagonists. The surgeons admit her to the hospital to observe for a potential hollow viscus injury and requests that you order 2 units of FFP for her. Seems reasonable… or is it? What is the logic?
Bleeding in general is bad. Bleeding while on anticoagulants is VERY bad. Dr. Rahul Patwari reviews the pathophysiology of coagulation, the various reversal agents, and treatment approaches we can use. In this five-part series where all videos are less than 10 minutes, Rahul goes from the basic physiology of coagulation all the way to the complex reasoning and approaches to reversing anticoagulants. These are worth a quick look and review.
I find it amazing that I know more non-emergency physicians virtually in the social media world rather than in person. Primarily through Twitter, I follow and am followed by medical educators from various specialties. If you haven’t joined Twitter yet, I think it might be time. There is a whole world of collaboration and conversation going on in this virtual community, which crosses specialties and geography.
There is a growing number of normal volunteers who agree to get an intraosseous (IO) needle placed. Just search Intraosseous Needle on Youtube. Often you can draw blood out of the needle. How do you interpret the lab values? Are they the same as your peripheral blood draw? Should we even send the blood to the lab?
A 65 y/o man with a history of prostate cancer presents to your ED from home appearing fairly well and a mild cough for 3 days. His vital signs are:
- Temperature 39 C
- BP 160/80
- HR 60
- RR 14
- Oxygen saturation 99% on room air
What do you do in these cases?
- A man on coumadin for atrial fibrillation arrives because he has increased bruising on his skin. He is otherwise asymptomatic. He was told to come to the ED because of a lab result showing INR = 6.
- A woman on coumadin for atrial fibrillation arrives because of melena and hematemesis. She looks extremely sheet-white pale. Her vital signs are surprising normal. Stat labs show a hematocrit of 15 and an INR value that the lab is “unable to calculate” because it is so high.
Updated on 6/1/13: Old PV card revised to reflect the 2012 ACCP guidelines