SAEM Clinical Image Series: Atraumatic Proptosis

By |Categories: Emergency Medicine, HEENT, Ophthalmology, SAEM Clinical Images|

An 85-year-old female with a past history of hypertension presents with acute right-eye pain, redness, and proptosis/bulging for the past two months that has been worsening over the past two days. She endorses blurry vision that began two days prior. She does not use contacts or glasses. No trauma, headache, or loss of consciousness are reported. She reports a “whooshing” sound in her right ear for two to three months. […]

ALiEM AIR | Psychosocial 2020 Module

By |Categories: ALiEMU, Approved Instructional Resources (AIR series), Psychiatry|

Welcome to the AIR Psychosocial Module! After carefully reviewing all relevant posts from the top 50 sites of the Social Media Index, the ALiEM AIR Team is proud to present the highest quality online content related to psychosocial emergencies. 5 blog posts within the past 12 months (as of July 2020) met our standard of online excellence and were curated and approved for residency training by the AIR Series Board. We identified 2 AIR and 3 Honorable Mentions. We recommend programs give 3 hours (about 30 minutes per article) of III credit for this module. AIR Stamp of Approval and [...]

  • posterior shoulder dislocation xray

SplintER Series: An Easily Missed Shoulder Injury

By |Categories: Expert Peer Reviewed (Clinical), Orthopedic, SplintER|

A 30-year-old male presents with right shoulder pain after a motorcycle accident. You obtain shoulder x-rays and see the following images (Image 1: AP, scapular Y, and axillary views of the right shoulder. Author’s own images). What is the most likely diagnosis, typical mechanism of injury, expected physical exam findings, appropriate imaging modalities, and management plan? […]

  • oropharyngeal mass

SAEM Clinical Image Series: An Oropharyngeal Mass

By |Categories: Emergency Medicine, ENT, Gastrointestinal, SAEM Clinical Images|

A fifty-year-old male presented to the emergency department (ED) unconscious with CPR in progress. Per EMS report, the patient was found down surrounded by emesis with no pulse or respirations. Fifteen minutes of CPR was performed prior to arrival in the ED with a King Tube in place. The King Tube was filled with emesis and increasingly difficult to bag. The King Tube was removed to attempt intubation and maximize oxygenation and ventilation. When the Mac 4 blade was placed in the mouth, a large, pink, fleshy, and vascularized structure was seen in the mouth [...]

SplintER Series: A Jammed Finger

By |Categories: Expert Peer Reviewed (Clinical), Orthopedic, SplintER|

A 50-year-old male presents to the emergency department with a new inability to extend his 5th digit of the left hand. He states he was playing a game of pick-up basketball last week when he jammed the finger while attempting to catch a pass from a teammate. An AP and lateral radiograph of the digit is obtained (Image 1 courtesy of Dr Alborz Jahangiri, Radiopaedia.org). What is your diagnosis? What causes this injury? What exam maneuver can help diagnose the underlying injury before the deformity is evident? What is the treatment/management of this injury? What [...]

Unlocking the MIC-KEY: Understanding and Troubleshooting Low-Profile Gastrostomy Tubes

By |Categories: Emergency Medicine, Gastrointestinal|

You are working an overnight clinical shift at your community emergency department when a worried mother brings in her 15-year-old child with cerebral palsy due to their gastric tube “coming out.” As you begin to obtain a history of the patient’s gastric tube (when it was placed, where it was placed, why is it in place, etc.) you realize you will be the one replacing it tonight, and frankly you haven’t done this before. The following post serves as a refresher on the use, placement, and complications of gastrostomy tubes. […]

  • posterior hip dislocation xray

SplintER Series: Hip Pain Following an MVC

By |Categories: Expert Peer Reviewed (Clinical), Orthopedic, SplintER|

A 48-year-old female presents to the emergency department after a high-speed motor vehicle collision (MVC). She is complaining of left hip pain. Her radiographs are shown (Image 1 courtesy of Dr Ayaz Hidayatov, Radiopaedia.org, rID: 52760). What is your diagnosis? What is the likely mechanism of injury? What physical exam findings are expected? What is your management in the emergency department and when should you consult orthopedics? […]

SAEM Clinical Image Series: The Cocaine Gut

By |Categories: Emergency Medicine, SAEM Clinical Images, Tox & Medications|

A sixty-five-year-old male with a medical history of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), hypertension, alcohol dependence, homelessness, and cocaine abuse presents to the emergency department with abdominal pain for three days. The patient describes his abdominal pain as knife-like, 9/10, located diffusely throughout his abdomen, with associated anorexia and nausea. He reports that he had one episode of coffee ground emesis this morning which provoked him to come to the ED. He reports frequent cocaine use with his last use three days ago. He endorses subjective fevers, chills, and no bowel movement for two days. He [...]

SAEM Clinical Image Series: Severe Cutaneous Lesions in an Immunocompromised Host

By |Categories: Dermatology, Emergency Medicine, Infectious Disease, SAEM Clinical Images|

A thirty-one-year-old female presented to the emergency department with the complaint of a painful rash for 2 days. She has a history of HIV with a known CD4 count < 200 cells/µL. She states that the rash began two days ago and progressed to the current size. She describes the rash as burning and has never experienced these symptoms before. She has tried topical corticosteroids which did not alleviate the pain. […]