SAEM Clinical Image Series: Rash with Blood Pressure Cuff Inflation

By |Categories: Dermatology, Heme-Oncology, SAEM Clinical Images|

[Click for larger view] Chief Complaint: Possible seizure, Left arm rash History of Present Illness: A 29-year-old with a history of migraine headaches, thalassemia of unknown phenotype, and no history of hypertension or epilepsy arrived to the emergency department via ambulance after possible seizure. The patient had nausea and vomiting the morning after a night of heavy drinking. After several rounds of vomiting, she felt shaky, lightheaded and experienced paresthesia in both of her hands and feet. There was no loss of consciousness, confusion or incontinence. EMS reported hypertension and tremors with upper extremity spasms. [...]

  • intussusception

Pediatric Point of Care Ultrasonography ALiEMU Course on Intussusception

By |Categories: ALiEMU, Gastrointestinal, Pediatrics, Radiology, Ultrasound|

Our ALiEMU learning management system, which currently houses the AIR series, Capsules series, and In-Training Exam Prep courses, is ready to slowly open the doors to welcome external authors with high quality content. We are thrilled to welcome a UCSF-sponsored pediatric emergency medicine (EM) point of care ultrasonography (POCUS) series, led by Dr. Margaret Lin. The first course is on the intussusception scan, filled with multiple ultrasound scans showing normal variants and two different types of intussusception. […]

ALiEM AIR | Cutaneous 2019 Module

By |Categories: ALiEMU, Approved Instructional Resources (AIR series), Dermatology|

Welcome to the AIR Cutaneous Module! After carefully reviewing all relevant posts from the top 50 sites of the Social Media Index, the ALiEM AIR Team is proud to present the highest quality online content related to cutaneous emergencies. 6 blog posts within the past 12 months (as of February 2019) met our standard of online excellence and were curated and approved for residency training by the AIR Series Board. We identified 3 AIR and 3 Honorable Mentions. We recommend programs give 3 hours (about 30 minutes per article) of III credit for this module. […]

New PECARN Febrile Infant Rule: A 3-Variable Approach for Ages 29-60 Days | Interview with Dr. Kuppermann

By |Categories: Pediatrics|Tags: |

The diagnosis and risk stratification of febrile young infants continues to present a clinical challenge. Serious bacterial infection (SBI) rates in infants ≤60 days have continued to be reported between 8-13%. Despite several different classification rules and pathways, we continue to struggle to accurately delineate which infants have SBI and which do not. A paper titled “A Clinical Prediction Rule to Identify Febrile Infants 60 days and Younger at Low Risk for Serious Bacterial Infections” was published in JAMA Pediatrics in February of 2019.​1​ The authors sought to derive a new clinical prediction rule for infants with fever. The research [...]

SAEM Clinical Image Series: Dysphagia and Dyspnea in a Well Digger

By |Categories: Pulmonary, SAEM Clinical Images|

[Click for larger view] Chief Complaint: Pain with swallowing History of Present Illness: A 43-year-old male presented to the emergency department with progressing pain upon swallowing. He described a sensation of food becoming stuck and creating a fullness in his chest. Review of symptoms was positive for dyspnea on exertion worsening over several months, but negative for cough, fevers, or weight change. He reported no medical history and had recently emigrated from Guatemala where he worked as a well digger. […]

SplintER Series: A Case of Severe Shoulder Pain

By |Categories: Orthopedic, SplintER|

A 45 year old woman presents with several days of gradually worsening right shoulder pain and stiffness. Her shoulder is very warm to the touch but not erythematous. You obtain shoulder x-rays and see a linear density in the AP view (photo credit). What is the most likely diagnosis, the differential diagnosis, and management plan?   […]

  • warm ultrasound gel

Ultrasound Gel Warmers in the Emergency Department?

By |Categories: Infectious Disease, Ultrasound|

How many times have you told a patient “The gel will be cold?” How many times have you watched a patient retract from the transducer because of the cold gel? How about a pediatric patient? Could warm gel improve your rate of clinically successful scans? It seems easy enough to install gel warmers alongside our ultrasound machines. But, should we do this? Read more

SplintER Series: Case of a First Metacarpal Fracture

By |Categories: Orthopedic, SplintER|

Click image to enlarge view A 22 year-old male was playing football when he fell, landing on his outstretched left arm with his thumb flexed. He now has pain at the base of his thumb. This AP view of the hand best demonstrates the injury (photo credit). What is this fracture, what additional imaging is needed, and what should be the management plan?     […]