SAEM Clinical Image Series: Tea & Toast | A Case of an Abdominal Rash

Tea & Toast erythema ab igne rash


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Chief complaint: Abdominal pain, nausea, and vomiting

History of present illness: A 46 year-old female with a past history of fibromyalgia, irritable bowel disease, and chronic abdominal pain presented to the emergency department with abdominal pain, nausea, and vomiting. She reported a one-year history of similar symptoms but states that her symptoms are worse today than usual, and not improved by her home hydrocodone, medical marijuana, or heating pad use – all of which she uses daily. She has not been able to tolerate oral intake today, vomiting up her breakfast of plain toast.

The patient was observed using her home heating pad in the emergency department.

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2019-08-12T07:11:03-07:00

Trick: Peritonsillar abscess drainage 3.0 | All the steps with added variations

Peritonsillar abscess drainage pelvic speculum

A 25-year-old medical student comes in with a muffled voice, sore throat and trismus. You look at the back of her throat and you see the uvula deviated to the right. You astutely diagnosed a peritonsillar abscess (PTA). You consider aspirating and want to check for tips on how to successfully do this.

Dr. Michelle Lin and Dr. Demian Szyld have created great guides for the common and important emergency medicine procedure of draining a PTA (laryngoscope lighting and spinal needle for aspiration; ultrasound localization and spinal needle guard; avoiding awkward one-handed needle aspiration). This update reviews these tricks as well as some additional techniques for optimal success in draining a PTA, while avoiding the ultimate feared complication of puncturing the carotid artery.

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2019-08-11T21:31:30-07:00

PEM Pearls: Ultrasound for Diagnosing Occult Supracondylar Fractures

Supracondylar humerus fractures are the most common type of elbow fracture in pediatric patients, most often seen in a fall on an outstretched hand (FOOSH) or a fall on a hyper-extended elbow.​1,2​ If there is no obvious fracture on x-rays, the patient may have an occult fracture; look for secondary radiographic signs including a posterior fat pad sign, an enlarged anterior fat pad or ‘sail sign’, or malalignment. Occult supracondylar fractures (those with initial normal radiographs that are later diagnosed in follow up) make up 2-18% of all the fractures we see in kids.​3​ When x-ray findings are nonspecific but the index of suspicion for fracture remains high, ultrasound may aid in your clinical decision making.

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2019-08-06T22:45:39-07:00

ALiEM AIR | Orthopedics Upper Extremity 2019 Module

Welcome to the AIR Orthopedics Upper Extremity Module! After carefully reviewing all relevant posts from the top 50 sites of the Social Media Index, the ALiEM AIR Team is proud to present the highest quality online content related to orthopedics upper extremity emergencies. 5 blog posts within the past 12 months (as of March 2019) met our standard of online excellence and were curated and approved for residency training by the AIR Series Board. We identified 0 AIR and 5 Honorable Mentions. We recommend programs give 2.5 hours (about 30 minutes per article) of III credit for this module.

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2019-08-05T15:01:21-07:00

Revise and Resubmit: Responding to peer reviewer comments about your journal manuscript

faculty incubator revise resubmit journal manuscript peer reviewer

As part of the ALiEM Faculty Incubator Program, Dr. Anthony Artino, Deputy Editor of the Journal of Graduate Medical Education (JGME) and Assistant Editor for Academic Medicine participated in a Google Hangout with Drs. Antonia Quinn and Teresa Chan in which he provided expert advice for responding to editor and peer reviewer comments on your journal manuscript submission. This was the focus of the second half of the webinar panel discussion starting at the 28-minute mark. His advice and best practices are summarized below.

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2019-08-01T14:51:54-07:00

What is palliative emergency medicine and why now?

elder hand palliative emergency medicine care

The skilled and rapid resuscitation of critically ill patients is a central premise in the specialty of emergency medicine (EM). A paradox for providers often arises when in the midst of resuscitating a patient with advanced chronic illness, the question of risks versus benefits arises. For this patient, we may successfully stabilize vital signs, but at what cost? Will this patient return to a quality of life they deem acceptable? What are the patient’s goals of treatments given his/her underlying disease? These questions illustrate the need for emergency physicians to be more aware of and comfortable with palliative care practices.

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2019-07-23T00:34:41-07:00

SAEM Clinical Image Series: Rash After a Sore Throat and Ibuprofen Use

Rash

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Chief complaint: Rash

History of Present Illness: The patient is an 18 year-old male who presents with a rash that appeared 7 days ago. The rash is located on his torso, back, and lower lip. It is pruritic. Three days prior to the appearance of the rash, he had a sore throat and intermittently took ibuprofen over the ensuing 3 days. He stopped taking ibuprofen 4 days after his sore throat abated. He denies any fever, nausea, vomiting, shortness of breath, chest pain, abdominal pain, diarrhea, extended travel in the past year, sick contacts, new soaps/detergents, insect bites, chemical exposure, and new foods.

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2019-07-28T21:17:29-07:00