A 52-year-old male presents to the Emergency Department with a chief complaint of right lower abdominal pain with urinary frequency and urgency over the past week. The pain radiates from his right groin with 10/10 severity at times. He reports multiple diagnoses of urinary tract infections over the last year requiring oral antibiotics. He claims intermittent constipation, denies any trauma, and is a truck driver by trade.
Vitals: T 97.7 °C; BP 138/75; HR 75; RR 16; O2 sat 96%
General: WDWN obese male, A/O x4, in mild distress
Abdomen: Soft, nondistended, normoactive bowel sounds, no organomegaly. A 5 cm moderately tender soft tissue bulge suggestive of a direct hernia is palpated in the right inguinal area and is reduceable.
This patient’s CT scans demonstrate an inguinal herniation of the urinary bladder, which occurs in less than 4% of all inguinal hernias. The clinical finding of a soft tissue mass in the groin in the setting of recurrent urinary tract infections should include urinary bladder herniation in the differential diagnosis.
Oral or parenteral antibiotics based on clinical presentation and prevalent sensitivities should be given to address urinary tract infections. Emergent or non-emergent (if reduceable) surgical consultation, usually by a urologist, is standard. Surgical reduction and repair techniques that utilize mesh versus non-mesh have been associated with a better prognosis with less recurrence.
Branchu B, Renard Y, Larre S, Leon P. Diagnosis and treatment of inguinal hernia of the bladder: a systematic review of the past 10 years. Turk J Urol. 2018 Sep;44(5):384-388. doi: 10.5152/tud.2018.46417. Epub 2018 Sep 1. PMID: 30487042; PMCID: PMC6134980.
Papatheofani V, Beaumont K, Nuessler NC. Inguinal hernia with complete urinary bladder herniation: a case report and review of the literature. J Surg Case Rep. 2020 Jan 2;2020(1):rjz321. doi: 10.1093/jscr/rjz321. PMID: 31911827; PMCID: PMC6939942.