EM Pharm Pearls Series Editor: Mike O’Brien, PharmD

EM Pharm Pearls Series Lead Author: Bryan D. Hayes, PharmD, DABAT, FAACT, FASHP

The EM Pharm Pearls Series provides focused, evidence-based education on all things pharmacology and toxicology-related in Emergency Medicine. The series was initially launched in 2019 by Drs. Bryan Hayes and Mike O’Brien, both EM pharmacists at Massachusetts General Hospital, as weekly teaching emails to the Harvard Affiliated Emergency Medicine residents, faculty, and advanced practice providers. Previous pearls #1-48 can be found on The PharmERToxGuy site.