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22 06, 2018

ALiEM Cards: Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome – Berlin Definition

2018-06-21T11:40:11+00:00

Berlin Definition of ARDSAcute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a complex, life-threatening form of respiratory failure. It is responsible for almost 75,000 annual deaths in the United States.1Management remains lung-protective mechanical ventilation, an intervention that can begin in the ED. The Berlin Definition of ARDS has better predictive validity for mortality in comparison to previous definitions of ARDS.2 ALiEM Cards: ARDS, written by Dr. Michelle Lin, reviews the Berlin Definition and provides EPs with an on-shift resource to help manage critically-ill patients.
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20 06, 2018

ALiEM AIR Series: Endocrine Module

air series traumaWelcome to the Endocrine Module! After carefully reviewing all relevant posts from the top 50 sites of the Social Media Index, the ALiEM AIR Team is proud to present the highest quality online content related to Endocrine emergencies. blog posts within the past 12 months (as of May 2018) met our standard of online excellence and were curated and approved for residency training by the AIR Series Board. We identified 2 AIR and Honorable Mentions. We recommend programs give 3 hours (about 20 minutes per article) of III credit for this module.
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19 06, 2018

EM Match Advice: Program Directors Reflect on the 2018 Match

2018-06-19T09:56:05+00:00

A new academic year is upon us! Across the country, emergency medicine interns are orienting to their new hospitals and preparing for their first day as “doctor.” But before we look forward, what lessons can we learn from 2018 EM Residency Match cycle? In this EM Match Advice series installment, Dr. Michael Gisondi (Stanford), Dr. Michelle Lin (UCSF), and an esteemed panel of program directors discuss how competitive EM was in 2018, the standardized video interview, and the number of programs an average applicant should apply to this year. Bonus: we introduce the Lin-Gisondi correction factor, a (mostly facetious) tool to help applicants weigh the advice of their mentors!

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15 06, 2018

PEM Practice Changing Paper: Clinical Trial of Fluid Infusion Rates for Pediatric DKA

Most protocols for managing pediatric patients with diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) are based on a theoretical association between fluid resuscitation and subsequent neurological decline. Although the evidence for an association between IV fluids and cerebral edema comes from retrospective reviews, for over 20 years, it is an accepted teaching principle of pediatric DKA.

Clinical Trial of Fluid Infusion Rates for Pediatric Diabetic Ketoacidosis, published just days ago in the New England Journal of Medicine, challenges this teaching with the first randomized controlled trial designed to investigate the relationship between IV fluids and cerebral edema. We review this publication and present a behind-the-scenes podcast interview with lead authors Dr. Nathan Kuppermann and Dr. Nicole Glaser from the Pediatric Emergency Care Applied Research Network (PECARN). (more…)

15 06, 2018

MEdIC Series: The Case of the Overwhelmed Senior Resident – Expert Review and Curated Community Commentary

2018-06-15T07:44:18+00:00

Our eighth case of season 5, The Case of the Overwhelmed Senior Resident, presented the scenario of a senior resident who felt overwhelmed when left to manage the department on a busy night shift while his attending physician was asleep in the back room. The resident debated whether to wake his attending to ask for help, but worried that it could be perceived as a sign of weakness or that he couldn’t “handle things” with autonomy. If you haven’t had a chance yet, we urge you to check out the case and share your thoughts on this important topic!

The MEdIC team (Drs. Tamara McColl, Teresa Chan, Sarah Luckett-Gatopoulos, Eve Purdy, John Eicken, Alkarim Velji, and Brent Thoma) hosted an online discussion around the case over the last 2 weeks with insights from the ALiEM community. We are proud to present to you the curated commentary and our expert reviews. Thank you to all participants for contributing to the rich discussions surrounding this case!

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11 06, 2018

The Myth of Vasopressors and Ischemia

2018-06-11T08:02:01+00:00

Despite the widespread clinical use, and their well-documented life-saving properties, vasopressors are often maligned, accused of causing ischemia to fingers, toes, mesentery, kidneys, and so forth. Not only is the evidence that this happens poor, but, a fear of this dreaded complication can unwarrantedly lead good clinicians to limit or withhold potentially life- and organ-saving medications. This article showcases the importance of end-organ perfusion and explains how vasopressors may in fact be one of the most important therapies in an emergency physician’s armamentarium.
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10 06, 2018

IDEA Series: Implementing an Integrative Longitudinal Online Ultrasound Curriculum

2018-06-06T09:33:25+00:00

The Problem

Idea Series LogoEmergency ultrasound (EUS) has quickly become a fundamental aspect of emergency medicine (EM) residency training. While still relatively novel to the field, there has been a significant focus on curriculum development in accordance with the core ultrasound application guidelines set forth by the American College of Emergency Physicians (ACEP).1 Currently, there is no consensus on the optimal approach to EUS education that will provide learners with true clinical competence post-matriculation. Furthermore, a recent survey demonstrated that there is conflict between what ACEP guidelines consider to be competence in EUS and resident opinion on the matter.2 One potential identified issue with our current model is the focus on early ultrasound learning in junior EM residents with a lack of ongoing EUS education in senior years.
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