A 28-year-old man presents to the emergency department after a snow blower accident while at work. The patient was performing maintenance and he placed his hand into a clogged snow blower while the machine was still on. His hand subsequently got jammed in the snow blower, catching his second and third digits. The patient has an obvious amputation of the right third digit with the stump still connected to the hand via the flexor tendon, which is attached to the distal phalanx. He has pain in the right hand and lack of sensation to the distal phalanx.


  • Alert and cooperative


  • Amputation of the distal portion of the 3rd digit, avulsion of the flexor tendon
  • The musculotendinous junction is seen at the amputation site. The tendon is still attached to the avulsed portion of the 3rd digit.
  • The patient is able to flex his distal interphalangeal (DIP) joint on his 3rd digit, although this joint is very stiff. He does have motion of the metacarpophalangeal (MCP) joint, but this is limited due to stiffness.
  • The amputated portion of the distal phalanx is cool and pale.
  • The remaining fingers are pink and warm to the touch.

The rest of the exam is unremarkable.

Guillotine Amputation

The patient was found to have a guillotine amputation along the right middle phalanx just proximal to the DIP, with avulsion of the flexor digitorum profundus (FDP).

The finger was amputated at the myotendinous junction. The patient remains able to mildly flex at the DIP, as well as the MCP joint. The patient continues to experience persistent dysesthesias in the finger, as well as persistent stiffness.

Take-Home Points

  • Pathophysiology of this type of injury of the FDP tendon includes forced hyperextension of the DIP joint while the finger is actively flexing [1, 2].
  • Knowing the anatomy of the fingers is essential to maintaining the attachments of the flexor and extensor tendons in an effort to improve functional outcomes.
  1. Woon, C., & Vitale, M. (2016, October 4). Ring Avulsion Injuries. Retrieved January 2, 2020, from
  2. Tempelaere C, Brun M, Doursounian L, Feron JM. Traumatic avulsion of the flexor digitorum profundus tendon. Jersey finger, a 29 cases report. Hand Surg Rehabil. 2017 Oct;36(5):368-372. doi: 10.1016/j.hansur.2017.06.002. Epub 2017 Jul 8. PMID: 28694076

Ivana Marji, MD

Ivana Marji, MD

Emergency Medicine Resident
Wellspan York Hospital
Ivana Marji, MD

Latest posts by Ivana Marji, MD (see all)

Mark Collin, MD

Mark Collin, MD

Director, Division of Point-of-Care Ultrasound
Director, Emergency Medicine Ultrasound Fellowship Department of Emergency Medicine WellSpan York Hospital
Mark Collin, MD

Latest posts by Mark Collin, MD (see all)