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ACMT Toxicology Visual Pearls: Snake Bite


coral snake bitesEnvenomation by the pictured snake would be expected to produce which clinical effects?

  1. Bradycardia and hypotension
  2. Bruising and epistaxis
  3. Difficulty swallowing and muscle weakness
  4. Severe swelling and blistering

Reveal the Answer

This post was expert peer-reviewed by Drs. Bryan Judge, Louise Kao, and Michelle Ruha.

The American College of Medical Toxicology (ACMT) hosts this Toxicology Visual Pearls series
Corbett B, Clark R. North American Snake Envenomation. Emerg Med Clin North Am. 2017;35(2):339-354. [PubMed]
Hoffman R, Ann Howland M, Lewin N, Nelson L, Goldfrank L. Goldfrank’s Toxicologic Emergencies, Tenth Edition. 10th ed. McGraw-Hill Education / Medical; 2014.
Norris R, Pfalzgraf R, Laing G. Death following coral snake bite in the United States–first documented case (with ELISA confirmation of envenomation) in over 40 years. Toxicon. 2009;53(6):693-697. [PubMed]
Wood A, Schauben J, Thundiyil J, et al. Review of Eastern coral snake (Micrurus fulvius fulvius) exposures managed by the Florida Poison Information Center Network: 1998-2010. Clin Toxicol (Phila). 2013;51(8):783-788. [PubMed]
Sasaki J, Khalil P, Chegondi M, Raszynski A, Meyer K, Totapally B. Coral snake bites and envenomation in children: a case series. Pediatr Emerg Care. 2014;30(4):262-265. [PubMed]
Patricia Rosen, MD, MPH

Patricia Rosen, MD, MPH

Emergency physician, Metroplex Hospital
President, Austin Toxicology
Board-certified in Internal Medicine, Emergency Medicine, and Toxicology
Patricia Rosen, MD, MPH

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