Question: A patient presents with foot pain 4 hours after contact with a chemical in the garage. What chemical exposure likely caused this injury?
- Ethylene Glycol
- Hydrofluoric Acid
- Propylene Glycol
- Sodium Hypochlorite
Which administered antidote causes this appearance in a blood sample?
b) Intravenous Lipid Emulsion (ILE)
c) Methylene blue
A 50-year-old female with a history of bipolar disorder, ADHD, anxiety, depression, and alcoholism presented to the ED after her family found her at home agitated, restless, and with a “large black burn” on her face. Her husband reported that she had been “picking” at this area of her face earlier in the day; at that time it appeared only slightly red. Per her husband, the patient had also felt “bugs crawling on her legs” and had been picking at and grabbing her legs on the day of presentation.
“6 mg IV as a rapid IV push followed by a 20 mL saline flush; repeat if required as 12 mg IV push”
This recommendation remained in the 2015 iteration.
While most drugs are metabolized in the liver, adenosine doesn’t even make it that far, being metabolized in the erythrocytes and vascular endothelial cells. With this extremely short half-life (10 seconds), it is important to help it reach the heart before it’s metabolized and excreted without being effective.
Mastering procedural sedation can make your shifts safer, more efficient, and more comfortable for your patients. But what defines a sedation? What and who do I need? Does my patient need to be fasting? How should I choose and dose my medications? Below is a brief guide to help you be more confident in your definitions, preparation, and medications. Included is a guide card you can print out and clip behind your badge! Read on and be a pro for your next on-shift sedation.(more…)