Welcome to the Toxicology (Part 1) AIR-Pro Module. Below we have listed our selection of the 10 highest quality blog posts related to 5 advanced level questions on toxicology topics posed, curated, and approved for residency training by the AIR-Pro Series Board. The blogs relate to the following questions:

  1. Flumazenil in benzodiazepine overdose
  2. Acetaminophen – drawing and timing of levels
  3. Opioid overdoses
  4. Acetaminophen toxicity related to liver transplant
  5. Salicylates and hemodialysis

In this module, we have 6 AIR-Pro’s and 4 Honorable Mentions. To strive for comprehensiveness, we selected from a broad spectrum of blogs identified through FOAMSearch.net and FOAMSearcher.We have a brand new chief resident team and want to thank the out-going team for all of their support!

AIR-Pro Stamp of Approval and Honorable Mentions

In an effort to truly emphasize the highest quality posts, we have 2 subsets of recommended resources. The AIR-Pro stamp of approval will only be given to posts scoring above a strict scoring cut-off of ≥28 points (out of 35 total), based on our AIR-Pro scoring instrument, which is slightly different from our original AIR Series scoring instrument. The other subset is for “Honorable Mention” posts. These posts have been flagged by and agreed upon by AIR-Pro Board members as worthwhile, accurate, unbiased and useful to senior residents. Only the posts with the AIR-Pro stamp of approval will be part of the quiz needed to obtain III credit. To decrease the repetitive nature of posts relating to these advanced concepts, we did not always include every post found that met the score of ≥28 points.

Take the quiz at ALiEMU
ALiEMU AIR-Pro Toxicology block quiz

Toxicology Module (Part 1) 2016: Recommended III credit hours

3 hours (20 minutes per article, 30 minutes for articles with podcasts)

Article TitleAuthorsDateTitle
EMPharmD: Flumazenil: Friend or Foe?Nadia AwadNov 7, 2013AIR-PRO
ALiEM: Utility of Pre-4-Hour Acetaminophen Levels in Acute OverdoseBryan HayesAug 5, 2015AIR-PRO
StEmlyns: Opiate Overdose in the EDSimon CarleyFeb 27, 2015AIR-PRO
EMJClub: Treat and Release vs Observation After Naloxone for Opioid OverdoseEMJ ClubNov 24, 2014AIR-PRO
LIFTL: Liver Transplantation for Paracetamol ToxicityChris NicksonApril 30, 2016AIR-PRO
ALiEM: 5 Tips in Managing Acute Salicylate PoisoningKristin FontesNov 4, 2013AIR-PRO
LITFL: Paracetamol/Acetaminophen OverdoseChris NicksonSept 3, 2010Honorable Mention
ALiEM: Tricks of the Trade: Naloxone Dilution for Opioid OverdoseBryan HayesNov 17, 2014Honorable Mention
LITFL: ParacetamolChris Nickson2015Honorable Mention
EMDocs: Pearls and Pitfalls of Salicylate Toxicity in the EDSamantha Berman & Josh BucherOct 13, 2015Honorable Mention


Fareen Zaver, MD

Fareen Zaver, MD

Chief Operating Officer, Chief Resident Incubator 2017-18
Lead Editor/Co-Founder of ALiEM Approved Instructional Resources - Professional (AIR-Pro)
Champion, 2016-17 ALiEM Chief Resident Incubator
Board Member, 2016-17 ALiEM Wellness Think Tank
Deputy Head - Education and Clinical Assistant Professor for Emergency Medicine
University of Calgary Emergency Department
Fareen Zaver, MD


@UCalgaryEM Clinical Educator, interests in transition to practice, gender equity, #FOAMed @ALiEMteam & @WeAreCanadiEM #Meded #genderequity