picture-shark-fin-capnogramFrom time to time, our patients need moderated and deep sedation in order to tolerate painful procedures such as joint reductions or incision and drainage procedures. There are many medications available to us including some newer ones such as Ketofol and Dexmedetomidine.

This week’s Paucis Verbis is a reference card to remind us of the importance of Airway Assessment and help us calculate the medication doses.

If you want to learn more about these medications and some strategies for different types of patients and procedures I recommend the EMCRIT Podcast PSA Lectures 1 and 2.

PV Card: Procedural Sedation and Analgesia

Adapted from [1] Go to ALiEM (PV) Cards for more resources.


  1. Walls RM, Brown CA. Approach to the difficult airway in adults outside the operating room. UpToDate. http://www.uptodate.com/contents/approach-to-the-difficult-airway-in-adults-outside-the-operating-room. Published November 2, 2016.
Demian Szyld, MD EdM

Demian Szyld, MD EdM

ALiEM Guest Contributor
Associate Medical Director
New York Simulation Center for the Health Sciences
New York University Langone Medical Center and City University of New York
Demian Szyld, MD EdM

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