At our department’s first annual UCSF High Risk Hawaii Conference 2 weeks ago, Dr. Rachel Chin taught about complications from all of the HIV drugs on the market now. It’s a virtual alphabet soup: EFV, TDF, FTC, oh my. How do you keep track of them all?
Does your Emergency Department have computerized spectrophotometric catheters to measure continuous central venous oxygen saturation (ScvO2) in early goal directed therapy (EGDT) for severe sepsis? That’s what was used in the original Rivers’ EGDT study.
I’ve never even seen one before.
‘It was an old 18G needle with dried blood’, she said. Her puncture had drawn blood. You discussed the very low risk of contacting HIV and the side effects of postexposure prophylaxis (PEP). She asked, ‘What does very low risk mean?’
Is there another way to covery risk for patients?
Patients with a hairy chest may require little patches of hair to be shaved when applying EKG leads. This allows the leads to stick firmly to the chest. Loose leads will result in either an artifactual signal or no signal at all on the EKG machine.
How can you obtain an EKG without shaving little patches on the patient’s chest?
We’ve all seen it before while working in the ED. A parent brings in their child because they pulled on their arm, and now the child is not using it. Parents are thoroughly convinced that the child’s arm is either broken or dislocated. We all recognize this as radial head subluxation or “nursemaid’s elbow” and immediately attempt to reduce it. The provider takes the injured arm, supinates at the wrist and flexes at the elbow. Does the child scream? What if nothing happens?
Is there an alternative technique to reducing a nursemaid elbow?
What is the prevalence of a post-LP headache?
The literature reports 15% of ED patients have a post LP headache.
Contact lens wearers are familiar with the phenomenon of the wandering lens. What should you do if you can’t visualize the contact lens of a patient, who presents with a “lost contact lens” in the eye? You have the patient look in all directions and you evert the eyelid, but still no contact lens can be found. The patient swears that it’s there because of the painful foreign-body sensation.