A patient presents to your Emergency Department with altered mental status and somnolence. You don’t smell alcohol on breath and you don’t see needle track marks. What clinical clue points you towards cocaine or methamphetamine ingestion?
Trick of the trade
Look for burned fingertips!
Patients who smoke crack or methamphetamines typically use a glass pipe as shown below. The glass pipes get hot and often burn the tips of people’s fingers.
After a crack or methampethamine binge, patients often get a washed-out syndrome where their catecholamine stores are completely depleted. They sleep for hours. Often they come in this washed-out stage when they present to the ED.