Droperidol for Agitation in Older Adults in the Emergency Department

By |Apr 17, 2021|Categories: EM Pharmacy Pearls, Geriatrics, Tox & Medications|

Droperidol is safe and effective for the treatment of severely agitated patients in the ED [1-3]. But what about its use for agitation in elderly patients specifically? Droperidol Efficacy Two Australian studies evaluated droperidol in more than 200 older adults (≥ 65 years old) in the prehospital and ED settings [4,5]. Both studies found droperidol to be effective in elderly patients with acute behavioral disturbances. The median time to sedation was ~20-30 minutes with doses ranging from 2.5-10 mg (Table 1).  Characteristic Page, et al (n=162) Calver, et al (n=47) Median Age 78 years 81 years Initial Droperidol IM Dose [+]

Is Lactated Ringer’s Solution Safe for Hyperkalemia Patients?

By |Apr 10, 2021|Categories: EM Pharmacy Pearls, Tox & Medications|

Background There are three primary fluids used for resuscitation, each contains varying amounts of potassium per liter (Table 1): 0.9% Sodium Chloride (normal saline) Lactated Ringer’s solution Plasma-Lyte A Additionally, these fluids contain markedly different amounts of other electrolytes, some of which directly influence their pH (Table 1). Solution Na* Cl* K* Ca* Lactate* Acetate* Osmolarity^ pH Sodium Chloride 0.9% (normal saline) 154 154 - - - - 308 5.5 Lactated Ringer’s 130 109 4 2.7 28 - 273 6.5 Plasma-Lyte A 140 98 5 - 27 294 7.4 Blood 135-145 96-106 3.5-5 8.5-10.5 0-1 NA 275-295 7.35-7.45 Table 1: [+]

ALiEM AIR Series | Environmental 2021 Module

By |Apr 9, 2021|Categories: Approved Instructional Resources (AIR series)|Tags: , , |

Welcome to the AIR Environmental Module! After carefully reviewing all relevant posts from the top 50 sites of the Social Media Index, the ALiEM AIR Team is proud to present the highest quality online content related to environmental emergencies in the Emergency Department. 6 blog posts within the past 12 months (as of January 2021) met our standard of online excellence and were curated and approved for residency training by the AIR Series Board. We identified 3 AIR and 3 Honorable Mentions. We recommend programs give 3 hours (about 30 minutes per article) of III credit for this module. AIR [+]

ACMT Toxicology Visual Pearls – In “Spore” Taste

By |Apr 7, 2021|Categories: ACMT Visual Pearls, Tox & Medications|

A 15-year-old male presents symptomatic several hours after inhaling spores of this mushroom as a home remedy for epistaxis. What is the presentation and pathophysiology of the toxic syndrome associated with this mushroom? For a video of this mushroom in action: https://youtu.be/G_DXTlvvsco Dyspnea and cough from hypersensitivity alveolitis Flushing, nausea and vomiting from acetaldehyde accumulation Nausea, vomiting and hepatoxicity from RNA synthetase inhibition Seizures from reduced GABA production in the central nervous system [+]

EMRad: Can’t Miss Pediatric Elbow Injuries

By |Apr 5, 2021|Categories: EMRad, Orthopedic, Pediatrics, Radiology, Trauma|

  Have you ever been working a shift at 3 am and wondered, “Am I missing something? I’ll just splint and instruct the patient to follow up with their PCP in 1 week.” This can be a reasonable approach, especially if you’re concerned there could be a fracture. But we can do better. Enter the “Can’t Miss” series: a series organized by body part that will help identify common and catastrophic injuries. This list is not meant to be a comprehensive review of each body part, but rather to highlight and improve your sensitivity for [+]

SplintER Series: Kitty Nibble: A Case of the Sausage Finger

By |Apr 2, 2021|Categories: Expert Peer Reviewed (Clinical), Orthopedic, SplintER|

  A 30-year-old female presents with left second finger pain with overlying erythema, warmth, and swelling the day after her cat bit her finger. She cannot fully extend the finger, it is tender and she has pain when it is passively extended. Her hand appears as shown above (Figure 1. Case courtesy of Kristina Kyle, MD).   [+]

Bridge to EM Curriculum: Test your learning at ALiEMU

By |Apr 1, 2021|Categories: Academic, ALiEMU|Tags: , |

Do you know of a senior Emergency Medicine (EM) medical student about to start internship? We are thrilled to announce that our 8-week, self-paced Bridge to EM learning curriculum has been upgraded with free assessment quizzes, badges, and certificates on ALiEMU. This curriculum, created by Drs. Timothy Wetzel and Christina Shenvi as we all shifted learning to online modalities, has garnered over 100,000 views in less than 10 months and was featured by the Association of American Medical Colleges. This bundled learning experience was created in partnership with our sponsor, Emergency Medicine Residents' Association (EMRA). Go to the ALiEMU Bridge [+]

  • humeral shaft fracture xray

SplintER Series: A Case of Hip Pain

By |Mar 31, 2021|Categories: Expert Peer Reviewed (Clinical), Orthopedic, SplintER|

Figure 1. Image prompt: AP view of the pelvis and left hip. Authors’ own images. A 70-year-old male presents with left hip pain and inability to ambulate after a mechanical trip and fall. Examination demonstrates that the left lower extremity is shortened, abducted and externally rotated. Hip and pelvis x-rays are obtained (Figure 1).   [+]

How I Work Smarter: Christopher Colbert, DO FACEP, FACOEP, FAAEM

By |Mar 29, 2021|Categories: How I Work Smarter, Medical Education|

One word that best describes how you work? Practical Current mobile device iPhone 12 Computer iMac Pro / Mac book Pro What is something you are working on now? Organizing/Planning the ACOEP’s annual Spring Seminar How did you come up with this Idea/Project? I have been part of the planning committee for the spring conference for 5 years. What’s your office workspace setup like? A well-lit room with decent speakers (huge music fan), 2 Macs side-by-side, and most importantly, a very comfy chair. What’s your best time-saving tip in the office or home? Keep your work in your office so [+]

ALiEM Stands in Solidarity with Our Asian American and Pacific Islander (AAPI) Community

By |Mar 26, 2021|Categories: Life, Public Health|

We at ALiEM wholeheartedly condemn the xenophobia, intolerance, and hate crimes directed towards Asians and the Asian American and Pacific Islander (AAPI) communities. Recent events spurred by the COVID-19 pandemic are hurtful, “othering,” and simply unacceptable. Anti-Asian hate crimes across the country since the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic have increased 833% in 2020, compared to 2019, in cities across the United States [1]. This heart-breaking trend of violent assaults against individuals in the AAPI community is misguided and counter to the healing and building that our country direly needs as a result of the global pandemic. Last week’s shootings [+]