Trick of the Trade: Pediatric ear exam

ChildEaraches2

Performing a physical exam on frightened pediatric patients can often be challenging. I am always thrilled to add more child-whisperer techniques to my arsenal of tricks. I have written in the past about:

What’s your trick on performing an otoscope exam of the ears?

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By |2019-02-19T18:08:03-08:00Sep 20, 2011|ENT, Pediatrics, Tricks of the Trade|

Trick of the Trade: Topical anesthetic cream for cutaneous abscess drainage in children

AbscessDiagramAbscess drainage can be painful and time consuming in the ED. Can this article help? 1

Trick of the Trade

Apply a topical anesthetic cream on skin abscesses prior to incision and drainage (I and D).

In this press-released article in American Journal of Emergency Medicine, the authors found that application of a topical 4% lidocaine cream (LMX 4) was associated with spontaneous cutaneous abscess drainage in children.

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Hot off the press: Clinical practice guideline for ketamine in the ED

Ketamine (475-10)

A 3 year old girl is brought into the ED with an abscess to her groin. Upon examination it is fluctuant and needs incision and drainage. Next door is a 5 year old boy, who fell off his bed and has an angulated radius fracture that needs reduction.

Hhhmmmm…how to manage these patients? Local anesthesia? Hematoma block? Nothing (aka brutacaine)? What about ketamine, that seems popular these days. IV? IM? With or without atropine? So many decisions!

Luckily you were surfing the internet one night and came across the 2011 clinical practice guideline on ketamine in the ED, which was just published.1

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By |2017-02-28T09:43:19-08:00Mar 1, 2011|Pediatrics, Tox & Medications|

Tricks of the Trade: Nursemaid elbow reduction

We’ve all seen it before while working in the ED. A parent brings in their child because they pulled on their arm, and now the child is not using it. Parents are thoroughly convinced that the child’s arm is either broken or dislocated. We all recognize this as radial head subluxation or “nursemaid’s elbow” and immediately attempt to reduce it. The provider takes the injured arm, supinates at the wrist and flexes at the elbow. Does the child scream? What if nothing happens?

Is there an alternative technique to reducing a nursemaid elbow?

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By |2016-11-15T22:02:31-08:00Jan 19, 2011|Orthopedic, Pediatrics, Tricks of the Trade|

Trick of the Trade: Laryngospasm notch maneuver

 

 smLacerationLipKetamine1What is the incidence of laryngospasm in pediatric patients receiving ketamine for procedural sedation in the ED?

Answer = 0.3%

A child with laryngospasm can be a scary thing to manage. There’s no way to predict whether a child is going to get it.

You can try the usual maneuvers including a jaw-thrust, positive pressure ventilation to try to open the vocal cords, and suctioning. If these don’t work, you might consider giving the patient a paralytic, such as succinylcholine, and performing an endotracheal intubation for worsening hypoxia. Before that, what non-invasive maneuver can you try first?

 

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By |2016-11-11T19:00:18-08:00Dec 1, 2010|Pediatrics, Tricks of the Trade|

Paucis Verbis card: Algorithm for suspected pertussis in pediatrics

ChildCough

To treat for pertussis or not?

In the setting of the current pertussis epidemic in California, each kid with a cough sparks constant debate about whether to treat with azithromycin or not. Finally, thanks to my friends Dr. Andi Marmor and Dr. Shon Agarwal Jain (UCSF Pediatrics faculty), there’s a great algorithm to help you answer the question. I have found this algorithm extremely helpful.

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By |2019-01-28T23:21:12-08:00Oct 29, 2010|ALiEM Cards, Infectious Disease, Pediatrics|
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