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13 09, 2017

Using Eye Anatomy to Recall Key Diagnoses: The Rule of 2’s

2017-09-13T05:42:04+00:00

eye anatomyOur latest ALiEM Card introduces the “Rule of 2’s,” a simple method that uses eye anatomy to help you recall some of the major ocular diagnoses! It builds a framework for your physical exam and will help you include or eliminate some of the more common ocular conditions.

The Rule of 2’s is easy to remember: 2 eyes, 2 major diagnoses to consider for each ocular layer, as you move anterior to posterior.

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21 07, 2017

ALiEM’s Greatest Hits for Interns: A Curated Collection of High-Yield Topics

greatest hits for interns

Congratulations, you’ve made it! On July 1, thousands of medical students across the country made the transition to becoming Emergency Medicine residents. It was a particularly competitive year for Emergency Medicine, with 99.7% of first-year spots filled despite a whopping 2,047 positions being offered in 2017 (up by 152 spots compared to last year).1 Now begins the most crucial 3 or 4 years of your medical training that will prepare you for the rest of your career in Emergency Medicine.

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9 08, 2016

Trick of the Trade: Ocular ultrasound for the swollen traumatic eye

Eye swelling ocular ultrasoundYou are caring for a patient with an incredibly swollen eye – like a scene out of almost any Rocky film. This patient is likely going to the CT scanner, but regardless of the finding (retrobulbar hematoma, orbital wall fracture, etc.) you still need to evaluate for extraocular muscle entrapment and loss of pupillary response. There’s only one problem: you can’t see the eye. The old standards like getting the patient to retract their lid using paperclips or a cotton swab may help; but sometimes there is just too much swelling, and those techniques are just not enough. Without brute force – and potentially causing more trauma – you likely won’t be able to examine this patient’s eye.

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18 08, 2015

Ultrasound For The Win! Case – 76M with Right-Sided Vision Loss #US4TW

2017-07-19T00:07:06+00:00

Welcome to another ultrasound-based case, part of the “Ultrasound For The Win!” (#US4TW) Case Series. In this case series, we focus on a real clinical case where bedside ultrasound changed the management or aided in the diagnosis. In this case, a 76-year-old man presents with sudden-onset right-sided vision loss.

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11 06, 2015

Tricks of the Trade: Fluorescein application techniques for the eye

2016-11-11T19:37:12+00:00

stain-fluoresceinApplication of fluorescein is a vital part of the workup of ocular complaints. Despite some studies showing questionable support, the typical cited clinical concern for stored fluorescein solutions is contimination with Pseudomonas and risk for iatrogenic infection with associated ulcer formation. 1–4 Subsequently, single dose sterile strips have become the standard agent stocked in most EDs. Many patients, especially children, can be apprehensive of the application of the physical strip directly to the eye, and are more comfortable with the concept of eye drops. In this post, we review multiple technique to create fluorescein solutions and additional tips for utilization that may be integrated into your practice, depending on the supplies available to you.
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