Pediatric lumbar puncture trainers are less available than adult trainers; most are the newborn size and quite expensive. Due to age-based practice patterns for fever diagnostic testing, most pediatric lumbar punctures are performed on young infants, and residents have fewer opportunities to perform lumbar punctures on older children.1 Adult lumbar puncture trainers have been created using a 3D-printed spine and ballistics gel, which allows for ultrasound guidance.2 No previous model has been described for pediatric lumbar puncture.
A forty-nine-year-old male with a history of polysubstance abuse, including methamphetamine and intravenous (IV) drug use, rectal cancer, and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) was brought into the emergency department by emergency medical services (EMS) after he was found down at the bottom of a flight of stairs by his roommate. In the emergency room, he was found to have a Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) score of 7 and was intubated for airway protection. Non-contrast head CT was performed. Per the roommate, the patient had been “not himself,” exhibiting strange behavior and weight loss. History and review of systems (ROS) were otherwise unobtainable due to the acuity of illness.
Chief complaint: Double vision
History of Present Illness: 61 year old female with history of HTN, DM, hyperlipidemia, and chronic low back pain presenting with double vision. She received an epidural spinal injection yesterday for the 4th time for low back pain. She was sedated for the procedure and woke up with headache, neck stiffness, and left eye “jumping around,” which progressed to double vision 1 hour later.
There was no blurry or double vision with either eye closed. She had 1 episode of emesis. She presented to the ED 24 hours later with continued headache and double vision.
Chief complaint: Headaches for 1 year
History of Present Illness: A 31-year-old woman with no significant past history presents with a dull headache.
She notes the headache is generalized, has been almost daily for a year and is worsened by bending over. She denies nausea, vomiting, photophobia, trauma, seizures, focal weakness, numbness, or vision change. Acetaminophen and ibuprofen provide only mild, short-acting relief. She takes oral birth control and her periods have been normal.
Welcome to the Neurology Module! After carefully reviewing all relevant posts from the top 50 sites of the Social Media Index, the ALiEM AIR Team is proud to present the highest quality online content related to neurological emergencies. 6 blog posts within the past 12 months (as of January 2019) met our standard of online excellence and were curated and approved for residency training by the AIR Series Board. We identified 1 AIR and 5 Honorable Mentions. We recommend programs give 3 hours (about 30 minutes per article) of III credit for this module. (more…)
Welcome to the Stroke Module! After carefully reviewing all relevant posts from the top 50 sites of the Social Media Index, the AIR Team is proud to present the highest quality online content related to Stroke emergencies. 7 blog posts within the past 12 months (as of October 2018) met our standard of online excellence and were curated and approved for residency training by the AIR Series Board. We identified 0 AIR and 7 Honorable Mentions. We recommend programs give 3.5 hours (about 30 minutes per article) of III credit for this module.(more…)
The newest installment in the popular ALiEMU Capsules series is live. This module focuses on the critical care topic of intracranial pressure management. Specific topics include hyperosmolar therapy with mannitol versus hypertonic saline and blood pressure management. Go to the ALiEMU Capsule and take the quiz for your Capsules certificate.