Paucis Verbis: Pediatric fever without a source (3 mo-3 yr)

Thermometer Pediatric FeverIn part 3 of this “Pediatric Fever Without a Source” Paucis Verbis cards, we now cover febrile infants 3 months to 3 years old (PV cards for birth-28 days and 29 days-3 months old).

Notes:

  • The algorithm below is a guideline for NON-toxic patients. More ill-appearing children require a more broad workup.
  • For the under-immunized (<2 PCV immunizations) and temperature ≥39.5C, blood cultures may be falling out of favor in the near future, because the incidence of blood culture contaminants is close to exceeding the true incidence of occult bacteremia.

PV Card: Pediatric Fever Without a Source (3 Months-3 Years)


Go to ALiEM (PV) Cards for more resources.

Thanks to Dr. Hemal Kanzaria (UCSF-SFGH resident) for helping design this PV card and Dr. Christine Cho, Dr. Andi Marmor, and Dr. Ellen Laves (UCSF Pediatrics) for the content.

By |2021-10-11T15:10:11-07:00Feb 10, 2012|ALiEM Cards, Pediatrics|

Paucis Verbis: Fever without a source (29 days-3 months old)

Thermometer pediatric feverIn part 2 of this “Pediatric Fever Without a Source” Paucis Verbis cards, we now cover febrile infants aged 29 days to 3 months (PV card for birth-28 days). Note that there is no single correct answer in how to manage these patients. There can be a wide variation in practices, partly because of the slightly different criteria used by the 3 studies. The overarching principle is that “high risk” infants get admitted with IV ceftriaxone and “low risk” infants get discharged with close follow-up +/- a ceftriaxone IV or IM dose. The line between these two risk categories is the grey area.

Where I practice, we tend to follow a modified version of the Rochester criteria, where a lumbar puncture and antibiotics aren’t always required for this age group (unlike the Boston criteria).

PV Card: Pediatric Fever Without a Source (29 Days-3 Months)


Go to ALiEM (PV) Cards for more resources.

Keep a lookout for future PV cards which will address fevers without a source in pediatric patients aged 3 months-3 years old.

Thanks to Dr. Hemal Kanzaria (UCSF-SFGH resident) for helping design this PV card and Dr. Christine Cho, Dr. Andi Marmor, and Dr. Ellen Laves (UCSF Pediatrics) for the content.

By |2021-12-21T13:34:31-08:00Feb 3, 2012|ALiEM Cards, Pediatrics|

Paucis Verbis: Pediatric fever without a source (Birth-28 days)

Thermometer pediatric feverPediatric patients commonly are brought to the Emergency Department for a fever without a source. Management of these patients depends on the patient’s age. Today’s PV card focuses on the youngest age group: Birth-to-28 days.

QUESTION to everyone:

  • Do you correct your age calculation for prematurity? Premature neonates are more at risk for SBI, but I’ve seen varying practices.

PV Card: Pediatric Fever Without a Source (Birth-28 Days Old)


Go to ALiEM (PV) Cards for more resources.

Keep a lookout for future PV cards which will address fevers without a source in pediatric patients aged 29 days-3 months and 3 months-3 years old.

Thanks to Dr. Hemal Kanzaria (UCSF-SFGH resident) for helping design this PV card and Dr. Christine Cho, Dr. Andi Marmor, and Dr. Ellen Laves (UCSF Pediatrics) for the content.

By |2021-10-11T15:15:20-07:00Jan 27, 2012|ALiEM Cards, Pediatrics|

Trick of the Trade: Pediatric ear exam

ChildEaraches2

Performing a physical exam on frightened pediatric patients can often be challenging. I am always thrilled to add more child-whisperer techniques to my arsenal of tricks. I have written in the past about:

What’s your trick on performing an otoscope exam of the ears?

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By |2019-02-19T18:08:03-08:00Sep 20, 2011|ENT, Pediatrics, Tricks of the Trade|

Trick of the Trade: Topical anesthetic cream for cutaneous abscess drainage in children

AbscessDiagramAbscess drainage can be painful and time consuming in the ED. Can this article help? 1

Trick of the Trade

Apply a topical anesthetic cream on skin abscesses prior to incision and drainage (I and D).

In this press-released article in American Journal of Emergency Medicine, the authors found that application of a topical 4% lidocaine cream (LMX 4) was associated with spontaneous cutaneous abscess drainage in children.

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Hot off the press: Clinical practice guideline for ketamine in the ED

Ketamine (475-10)

A 3 year old girl is brought into the ED with an abscess to her groin. Upon examination it is fluctuant and needs incision and drainage. Next door is a 5 year old boy, who fell off his bed and has an angulated radius fracture that needs reduction.

Hhhmmmm…how to manage these patients? Local anesthesia? Hematoma block? Nothing (aka brutacaine)? What about ketamine, that seems popular these days. IV? IM? With or without atropine? So many decisions!

Luckily you were surfing the internet one night and came across the 2011 clinical practice guideline on ketamine in the ED, which was just published.1

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By |2017-02-28T09:43:19-08:00Mar 1, 2011|Pediatrics, Tox & Medications|
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