P-Video: Sources for pediatric and adult fevers

By |Categories: Infectious Disease, P-videos, Pediatrics|Tags: |

Dr. Jeremy Faust is back with another P-video, which stands for Paucis Videos (paucis means “few” or “brief” in Latin) much like the Paucis Verbis cards. These P-videos are short video-based educational pearls for the practicing physician with a focus on Emergency Medicine and Critical Care. Here Jeremy shares two mnemonics, LUCAS and FEBRILE, to help you remember the common causes for fevers in pediatric and adult patients, respectively. […]

Confessions of an Emergency Department Kid Helper

By |Categories: Pediatrics|

As I was rounding the corner from the adult area of the emergency department to the pediatric area I heard a child screaming at the top of his lungs, “I DON’T WANT A SHOT”. I knew at that moment I was being summoned. I walked into the room and I saw a mother with her 5 year old son in a full headlock, while a new intern was trying to look in his ears. I made eye contact with the intern said “maybe I can help” then turned my attention to mom and son. […]

Treating Ischemic Stroke with tPA in the ED: Time is Brain

By |Categories: Critical Care/ Resus, Expert Peer Reviewed (Clinical), Neurology|

Ischemic stroke is an emergent and devastating neurologic disorder, and is a leading cause of both death and disability in the United States. With each minute of brain ischemia, two million neurons are irreversibly damaged. Total ischemic time is linked to functional outcome, and therefore, the role of the Emergency Department is paramount in the management of these patients. Fibrinolytic therapy has become a mainstay of therapy for acute stroke, but guidelines for the use of tPA are dynamic, and often even controversial. When you identify someone with symptoms of stroke, what is your approach to determining if a patient [...]

Acute Pulmonary Embolism: Size does matter and ECG can give us clues

By |Categories: Cardiovascular, ECG, Pulmonary|

Acute pulmonary embolism (PE)  is a common condition that can be both severe and difficult to diagnose. Half of all acute PE cases are diagnosed in the emergency department, and acute PE follows acute coronary syndrome as the second most common cause of sudden unexpected death in outpatients. Also, right ventricular dysfunction is a consequence of massive/submassive acute pulmonary embolism and correlates with a poor prognosis and high mortality rate. Although an ECG lacks both sensitivity and specificity for acute PE, there are some clues that can help in determining the size of an acute PE. […]

Diagnosing hyperthyroidism: Answers to 7 common questions

By |Categories: Endocrine-Metabolic, Expert Peer Reviewed (Clinical)|

The prevalence of hyperthyroidism in the general population is about 1-2%, and is ten times more likely in women than men. The spectrum of hyperthyroidism ranges from asymptomatic or subclinical disease to thyroid storm. So how do we diagnose various presentations of hyperthyroidism in the Emergency Department? Below are answers to 7 common questions that commonly arise. […]

Patwari Academy videos: Evidence Based Medicine (part 2)

By |Categories: Patwari Videos|Tags: |

In part 2 of this Evidence Based Medicine series by Dr. Rahul Patwari, more advanced statistical concepts are reviewed. These concepts include ROC curves, screening tests, probability (multiplication and addition rules) and the binomial theorem. Sounds daunting but these short videos really condenses the concepts into digestible lessons. […]

Free Study Guide for EMS Board Exam

By |Categories: EMS, Medical Education|

The faculty and fellows of the UCSF EMS/Disaster Fellowship Program met monthly over the past 2 years to to write a study guide for for the EMS Medical Board exam based on the National Association of EMS Physician’s (NAEMSP) seminal textbook Emergency Medical Services: Clinical Practice and Systems Oversight [Amazon link] (Kendall Hunt Publishers, David C Cone, Robert E O’Connor and Raymond L Fowler, Series Editors, 2009). We condensed approximately 1,800 pages into 69 pages with a simple format: summary of material and take home messages to help improve our EMS system. […]

The Ultimate Consult Service: Emergency Pharmacists

By |Categories: Tox & Medications|

Imagine a consult service located IN the ED. The consultants are some of the friendliest people you’ve met and are there to help you. They tirelessly go out of their way to guide you through hospital protocols, help you with treatments, keep a close eye on your work, and ensure that you and your patients stay out of trouble. Not only are these consultants helpful to you, but also your residents, mid-levels, nurses, and the admitting teams. Everything they know, they teach you – and some are very active in FOAMed and emergency medicine research. […]

September 2013 Update: Expert Peer Reviewed posts

By |Categories: Expert Peer Reviewed (Clinical)|

It’s been a month since we started adding expert peer reviews to our blog posts, and we have had a flurry of engaging conversation surrounding the new process. During this time we have worked to develop a sustainable peer review process. In fact there are two ongoing expert peer-review processes: Clinical articles:  There have been 10 clinical articles thus far expert peer reviewed on a post-publication basis. See list below. MEdIC series: Dr. Teresa Chan and Dr. Brent Thoma host this monthly series on challenging educational cases with initial posited questions, followed by a summary review which includes expert input (added [...]