Paucis Verbis: Legionella pneumonia

LegionellaInfectionDid you know that there was an unexplained spike in Legionnaire’s disease (pneumonia caused by Legionella pneumophila) during the 2009 H1N1 flu pandemic?

Since the flu season is rapidly approaching, I thought I would review what Legionnaire’s disease looks like. Yes, they will have a fever, cough, and pneumonia on CXR. These patients are generally pretty sick and almost always need hospitalization. What makes it unique? The trick is to look for extrapulmonary findings, which help to distinguish it from other atypical pneumonias. Relative bradycardia is a sure tip.

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2017-08-01T23:52:53-07:00

Paucis Verbis: Fibrinolytics for PE

Pulmonaryembolism

When would you give fibrinolytics for a Pulmonary Embolism?

This Paucis Verbis card summarizes recommendations found in Circulation’s recently published Scientific Statement from the American Heart Association. Although it is rare to give fibrinolytics for a pulmonary embolism (PE) in the Emergency Department, it is important to remember when lytics are indicated.

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2017-08-03T00:46:18-07:00

Paucis Verbis: Pulmonary Embolism Clinical Prediction Rules

Pulmonaryembolism“Should I get a D-Dimer test or CT chest angiogram on my patient with atypical chest pain to rule-out a pulmonary embolism?” This is a common question asked by emergency physicians on a routine basis.

Here are 3 clinical prediction rules: PERC, Wells, and Simplified Geneva Score. Personally, I’ve never used the Geneva Score, but it’s worth looking at.

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2019-01-28T22:48:10-07:00

Paucis Verbis: Asthma classification

asthma classification MDI
Emergency physicians have the opportunity to educate patients and prescribe chronic inhaled corticosteroids to patients who should be on these medications chronically. Patients may be more receptive to education and advice given immediately after an asthma exacerbation, managed in the ED.  Using the National Institute of Health/ National Asthma Education and Prevention Program classification system, physicians can quickly determine if the patient is a candidate for inhaled corticosteroids and initiate therapy accordingly.

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2019-01-28T22:40:22-07:00

Paucis Verbis: Pneumonia risk stratification tools

PneumoniaRULPneumonia is a common cause for ED visits. How do you decide on whether the patient can be managed as an outpatient or inpatient? To supplement your clinical judgment, many clinicians use the Pneumonia Severity Index (PSI) score.

Have you heard of CURB-65, supported by the British Thoracic Society? What about SMART-COP, which is meant to help you predict if your patient will need Intensive Respiratory or Vasopressor Support (IRVS)?

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2019-01-28T23:04:58-07:00

Paucis Verbis card: ABG interpretation

ABG interpretationI have yet to find a better arterial blood gas interpretation review article than the 1991 Western Journal of Medicine summary by Dr. Rick Haber.

This installment of the Paucis Verbis (In a Few Words) e-card series reviews ABG Interpretation. The recent addition of an ABG machine in our ED has made a tremendous difference in our ability to care for undifferentiated patients. This is a refresher in making heads and tails of mixed acid-base disorders.

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2019-01-28T23:44:32-07:00