A radiology pearl: A subtle orthopedic diagnosis

By |Categories: Orthopedic, Radiology|

A man recently presents with knee pain after pivoting and torquing his knee while falling. He complains of concurrent mild ankle pain. He presents with this tib-fib xray. Realizing that a proximal fibular fracture can present concurrently with a medial malleolus fracture or deltoid ligament rupture, we obtained xrays of the ankle. We were looking for a Maisonneuve fracture. Do you see an ankle injury in these four images? [+]

  • Tripod Fx

Trick of the Trade: Don’t have a mirror in the ED?

By |Categories: Tricks of the Trade|Tags: |

Several times in the ED, I have needed a mirror for patient care. Example 1 A moderately intoxicated patient presents with a facial or scalp laceration. S/he adamantly refuses to have it repaired in the ED, because of the disbelief of that there is indeed a laceration. You want to show the patient, using a mirror, but you don’t have one. [+]

  • fluoroscein drop

Trick of the Trade: Easy ocular application of fluoroscein

By |Categories: Ophthalmology, Tricks of the Trade|

Gently instilling a fluorescein drop into a patient’s eye requires that the patient keep his/her eye still. What do you do for a patient who can’t quite stay still enough, such as an infant? This is an innovative trick of the trade, written by Dr. Sam Ko (Loma Linda EM resident) and Kimberly Chan (Loma Linda medical student). [+]

  • eye drops ped

Trick of the Trade: Super-sensitive to eyedrops

By |Categories: Ophthalmology, Tricks of the Trade|

We commonly encounter ocular complaints in the Emergency Department. Eye pain can result from chemical exposure, a foreign body, or infection. The first step involves instilling a few drops of topical anesthetics, such as proparacaine, to provide some pain relief. Occasionally, however, you encounter a patient who just can’t keep his/her eye open because of the fear of eyedrops. [+]

  • ensure drink

Tricks of the Trade: Low tech solutions to esophageal foreign bodies

By |Categories: Gastrointestinal, Tricks of the Trade|

Patients can present to Emergency Departments with esophageal foreign bodies. Recently, a patient presented with a doxycycline pill stuck in her esophagus at the mid-chest level. She was taking it for pneumonia. Despite drinking deluges of water for the past 12 hours, the pill remains stuck. You know that doxycycline (pills shown on right)  is one of several medications (along with iron or potassium supplements, quinidine, aspirin, bisphosphonates) known for causing erosive pill esophagitis. She presents to your ED. What do you do? With so many direct visualization tools in the ED now available to emergency physicians such as Glidescopes [+]

  • Guidewire Curved

Trick of the trade: Straightening the guidewire

By |Categories: Tricks of the Trade|Tags: |

Did you know that a medical guidewire consists of a flexible central “ribbon wire” externally wrapped with a coil-spring wire? J-shaped guidewires are commonly used in many medical procedures, such as central lines, arterial lines, and pigtails for pneumothoraces. Knowing more about the guidewire makes it possible to carry out a unique Trick of the Trade. For example, let’s say that the plastic introducer is missing or unusable. Using one hand to stabilize the needle in the patient, how do you use your other hand to re-insert a curved guidewire tip into the hub of a needle? [+]

Trick of the Trade: Style points in pediatric orthopedics

By |Categories: Orthopedic, Pediatrics, Tricks of the Trade|Tags: |

With this hot summer season in California, kids have been running around and getting into all sorts of orthopedic troubles. Monkey bars are a common culprit. In treating pediatric patients in the ED, it's worth spending an extra few minutes on the subtle style points. Trick of the Trade: Splint the buddy bear You should consider keeping a stash of stuffed teddy bears in the ED for those patients, whom you splint or cast. It is a nice touch to have the patient go home with a teddy bear with the same "injury" and splint/cast. It's the little touches that [+]

  • Fx Tib Fib Open Irrigation

Trick of the Trade: The key to pollution is dilution

By |Categories: Tricks of the Trade|Tags: |

Wound care mantra: “The key to pollution is dilution.” High-pressure irrigation best reduces the patient’s risk for a wound infection. Open fractures are unique in the ED in that they require quick, high-volume irrigation before going to the operating room for more definitive wash-out. Often times a 30 mL syringe and 18-gauge angiocatheter is too cumbersome and slow for high-volume, high-pressure irrigation. [+]

Trick of the Trade: Peritonsillar abscess needle aspiration

By |Categories: ENT, Tricks of the Trade|Tags: , |

How do you drain a peritonsillar abscess? When evaluating a patient with a sore throat and “hot potato voice,” peritonsillar abscess (PTA) is at the top of the differential diagnosis list. As with all abscesses, the definitive treatment involves drainage of pus. This can be done either by incision and drainage or, more commonly, by needle aspiration. [+]