Last week, the Patwari Academy videos covered ECG basics on rate, rhythm, and axis. Here is another set of three videos discussing ECG intervals and segments — specifically the PR interval, QRS interval, and ST segments. Again, this is a nice review on ECG concepts.
Acute coronary syndrome (ACS) is the number one cause of mortality in patients older than 65 years old. 1 To complicate this fact further, they also present atypically with weakness, nausea/vomiting, fatigue, and shortness of breath. It has been shown that older adults who present to the emergency department (ED) with ACS and a chief complaint other than chest pain have worse outcomes:
A common thumb injury is the “gamekeeper’s thumb or “skier’s thumb”, which involves an injury to the ulnar collateral ligament (UCL) of the first MCP joint. It is caused by forced abduction and hyperextension of the thumb, such as from a ski pole. But did you know that there are two branches of the ligament that you should test?
Differentiating between SVT with aberrancy and VT can be very difficult. It is crucial to be able to make this distinction as therapeutic decisions are anchored to this differentiation. Brugada et al prospectively analyzed 384 patients with VT and 170 patients with SVT with aberrant conduction to see if it was possible to come up with a simple criteria to help differentiate between the two with high sensitivity and specificity.
Dr. Rahul Patwari reviews the basics on how to determine an ECG’s rate, rhythm, and axis. It’s always nice to review these concepts. Do you remember how many seconds a traditional ECG typically spans on a single page? What’s the significance of the numbers: 300, 150, 100, 75, 60, 50? Spend a few minutes on these 2 refresher videos.
EKGs are a simple, cheap modality that can give an emergency physician quite a bit of information. Sometimes, in a busy ER, this information can be very subtle and almost overlooked without a second thought. A perfect example of this is a New Tall T-wave in lead V1 (NTTV1). This finding can be a normal variant, but can also be a precursor to badness.
A fiberoptic nasopharyngoscope is a handy tool to check patients for suspected foreign bodies (e.g. fishbone stuck in throat) or laryngeal edema. Depending on the diameter of your fiberoptic cable, it may be fairly uncomfortable for the patient despite generous viscous lidocaine instillation through the nares and nebulized lidocaine. Alternatively or additionally, you can make your own lidocaine-oxymetazoline nasal atomizer which works well.
What if the patient is STILL not tolerating the procedure well?