Patwari Academy videos: Searching the literature to answer Qs

By |Categories: Medical Education, Patwari Videos|Tags: |

Do you use a PICO method to answering a clinical question using the medical literature? Patient / problem Intervention Comparison Outcome This two-part series provides an introduction in how to search the medical literature to answer your clinical question. This provides a concise overview of epidemiology and statistics. […]

  • Eyedrop Bottle Color

Trick of the Trade: Recognizing eyedrop bottles by color

By |Categories: Ophthalmology, Tricks of the Trade|

Have you ever wondered why prescription eyedrops have different color bottle caps? Did you know that the American Academy of Ophthalmology (AAO) has a policy to color-code topical ocular medication bottles caps? Why was this needed?  “The Academy’s policy on color coding of eyedrop drug caps was prompted by reports to the Academy and the National Registry of Drug-Induced Ocular Side Effects of serious adverse events resulting from patient difficulty in distinguishing between various ocular medications. With input from the pharmaceutical industry and the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), the Academy’s Committee on Drugs developed a uniform color-coding system.” — AAO policy [...]

Dexmedetomidine (Precedex) as an Adjunct to Benzodiazepines for Ethanol Withdrawal

By |Categories: Endocrine-Metabolic, Tox & Medications|

Sometimes a question is posed on Twitter that generates a great discussion from colleagues ’round the globe. Such was the case for dexmedetomidine. Although benzodiazepines remain the standard of treatment for ethanol withdrawal, particularly seizures and delirium tremens, what’s all the hype about dexmedetomidine? […]

PV card: VBG versus ABG

By |Categories: ALiEM Cards, Endocrine-Metabolic, Pulmonary|

You obtain a venous blood gas (VBG) on a patient with a COPD exacerbation because you are concerned about hypercarbia. You get a value of 55 mmHg. How correlative is that compared to an arterial blood gas (ABG). There has been a lot of literature on how well the pH correlates between the ABG and VBG but what about pCO2? […]