Trick of the Trade: Combine Adenosine with the Flush

By |Categories: Cardiovascular, Tox & Medications, Tricks of the Trade|

2019 literature update from this original 2012 Trick of the Trade post! The success of adenosine depends as much on the administration technique as it does the mechanism of action. The 2010 Advanced Cardiac Life Support (ACLS) Guidelines recommend the following when administering adenosine: “6 mg IV as a rapid IV push followed by a 20 mL saline flush; repeat if required as 12 mg IV push” This recommendation remained in the 2015 iteration. While most drugs are metabolized in the liver, adenosine doesn’t even make it that far, being metabolized in the erythrocytes and vascular endothelial cells. With this extremely short half-life [...]

Measles 2019 Updates: The Comeback Kid

By |Categories: Dermatology, Infectious Disease, Pediatrics|

The child with a fever and rash in your Emergency Department (ED) may actually have measles. This year, there have been 1,182 cases of measles in the U.S., and counting. This is the highest rate in the past 27 years [1]. Globally, measles kills over a hundred thousand children [2]. In the U.S., one child dies for about every 1,000 cases [3]. Emergency providers must be able to quickly detect short-term complications that can lead to death and distinguish measles from mimics like Kawasaki Disease. It’s no coincidence that this year’s outbreak is in the setting of lower vaccination rates. [...]

SAEM Clinical Image Series: Eye Trauma and Vision Loss

By |Categories: Ophthalmology, SAEM Clinical Images, Trauma|

The patient is a 44-year-old male with a past history of end stage renal disease on hemodialysis, diabetes, and hypertension who presents with acute visual loss after assault 2 hours prior. He was struck in the eye by his partner’s fist (adorned with a large ring), but denies severe pain. He does endorses instant difficulty with his vision. There is no use of contacts or glasses. No other injuries, headache, or loss of consciousness are reported. […]

SAEM Clinical Image Series: Double Vision

By |Categories: Neurology, Ophthalmology, SAEM Clinical Images|

Chief complaint: Double vision History of Present Illness: 61 year old female with history of HTN, DM, hyperlipidemia, and chronic low back pain presenting with double vision. She received an epidural spinal injection yesterday for the 4th time for low back pain. She was sedated for the procedure and woke up with headache, neck stiffness, and left eye “jumping around,” which progressed to double vision 1 hour later. There was no blurry or double vision with either eye closed. She had 1 episode of emesis. She presented to the ED 24 hours later [...]

SAEM Clinical Image Series: Bumps and Balls

By |Categories: Dermatology, Infectious Disease, SAEM Clinical Images|

A 31 year old African-American male, with a history of HIV, non-compliant with medications, presents with 3 months of painful “balls and bumps” on his left thigh. He was evaluated at another hospital prior to this visit and was discharged with 7 days of TMP-SMX. He denies any fever, chills, weight loss, night sweats, or anorexia. […]

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SplintER Series: A Case of Knee Pain

By |Categories: Expert Peer Reviewed (Clinical), Orthopedic, Radiology|

A 45-year-old male presents with right knee pain after he pivoted and felt a “pop” while making a move playing pickup basketball. You obtain knee x-rays and see a lateral irregularity in the AP view (photo courtesy of Dr. Gerry Gardner at Radiopaedia.org). What is the most likely diagnosis, commonly associated injury, and appropriate management plan? […]

Procedural Sedation Guide

By |Categories: Expert Peer Reviewed (Clinical), Tox & Medications|

Mastering procedural sedation can make your shifts safer, more efficient, and more comfortable for your patients. But what defines a sedation? What and who do I need? Does my patient need to be fasting? How should I choose and dose my medications? Below is a brief guide to help you be more confident in your definitions, preparation, and medications. Included is a guide card you can print out and clip behind your badge! Read on and be a pro for your next on-shift sedation.  […]

Trick of the Trade: Save the Ultrasound Probe Cable

By |Categories: Tricks of the Trade, Ultrasound|

You need to perform an ultrasound on your patient. You walk up to the ultrasound and upon grabbing the machine, you notice it’s stuck! You look down and realize the ultrasound probe cable (particularly the linear probe) is impeding the wheel from rolling. You push the machine back, pick the cable up off the floor and off you go to scan to find that the probe is not working. As you try to figure out why it’s not working, you realize that the cable is exposed after repeated damage from the countless times the wheels on the machine rolled over [...]